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          首页 裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记_第78课_课文讲解

          裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记_第78课_课文讲解.

          裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记_第78课_课文讲解

          wang仪贤
          2019-05-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

          简介:本文档为《裕兴新概念英语第二册笔记_第78课_课文讲解doc》,可适用于职业教育领域

          TextAfterreadinganarticleentitled'CigaretteSmokingandYourHealth'Ilitacigarattetocalmmynervestocalmmynerves来镇定我紧张的神经(todo不定式做目的状语),我点燃香烟目的是镇定我紧张的神经litv点燃(light的过去式及过去分词)lightv点火,着火egHelitacigatette他点着香烟。egHelitupacigarette他点着香烟。v(使)供给光线,照亮egWelitacandleandthecandlelittheroom我们点燃蜡烛,蜡烛照亮了房间。v(使)容光焕发egSuddenlyasmilelit(upherface突然微笑是她的脸亮了起来。light的过去分词及过去式有种,lightlitlitlightlightedlighted,区别在于:**lit通常做谓语动词egThematchislit火柴被点燃了。**lighted通常做定语,当做形容词来使用时放在名词之前。alightedmatch被点燃过的火柴n光sunlight阳光firelight火光n引火物egCanyougivemealight,please能借个火吗n光线egIcan`treadwhileyouarestandinginmylight你挡住我的光线了,我没法看书。cometolightbringtolight(渐)为人所知之状态inthelightof从…观点看accordingtoone`slights按照个人之见识throwlightonshedlighton使明白,解释adj轻的aslightasair毫无重量(轻的像空气)aslightasafeather轻如鸿毛(想羽毛一样轻)adj少量的,教往?;蛟て谏俚腶lightcropofwheat小麦的收成不佳adj(指睡眠浅睡的,睡不沉的,反义词(soundalightsleeper浅睡的人adj(动作或做动作的人轻快的,灵活的alightdancer轻快的舞者besurethat(从句对某事确信as因为egShestayedathomeasshehadnocar因为没有车她呆在家里。egHesawher,astheywerebothgettingoffthebusatthesametime因为他们同时下的公交车,所以他看见她了。cigaretten香烟,纸烟cigarn雪茄cigarettecase香烟盒cigaretteholder烟嘴cigarettelighter打火机Forawholeweek,Ididnotsmokeatallandduringthistime,mywifesufferedterriblynot…atall根本不duringthistime在此期间sufferv遭罪,吃尽苦头terriblyadv很糟糕(verybadlyegShesufferedterriblywhenhersinwaskilled她儿子被杀她痛苦极了。(口)非常,很notaterriblygoodfilm不特别好的电影egIamterriblysorry我非常抱歉。giveupsmoking戒烟entitled'CigaretteSmokingandYourHealth'entitled是过去分词,整个过去分词短语作定语修饰anarticle意思是一篇健康与吸烟的文章IsmokedwithconcentrationandpleasureasIwassurethatthiswouldbemylastcigaretteIhadalltheusualsymptomsofsomeonegivingupsmoking独立主格:一名词或代词和另一成分构成的复合结构,称为独立结构,常用于描绘性文字中,使其更生动。egegegegHeputonhissockswrongsideout他袜子穿反了。anenormousappetite旺盛的食欲keepondoingsth持续不断做(keep表示保持某种状态)egShekeptonstudying她继续学习。(无间断的)egPleasekeepoffthegrass=Donotwalkonit请勿践踏草坪(keepoff远离)egHekeptawayfromtheparty=Hedidnotcome他没有来这个party(keepaway避开)egegHeransofast,Icouldnotkeepupwithhim=Icouldnotremainbesidehim(keepupwithsb跟上某人,赶上某人)egegegKeepyourshirt!=Don`tworrykeepcalm别担心,放松。keepasecret保守秘密keephens养母鸡keepchickens养鸡keepcows养牛egegTheykeepashop他们经营一家商店。egTheykeepasmallhotel他们经营一家小旅馆。keepsbfromdoingsth阻止(某人)做某事keepintouch保持联系offerv给予(后面加双宾语)offersbsth给予某人某物TheymadenoefforttohidetheiramusementwheneverIproducedapacketofsweetsfrommypocketmakenoefforttodosth根本不作努力makeaneffort努力eghidev隐藏,藏egYouarehidingsomeimportantfacts你隐瞒了一些重要的事实。egDon`thideyourfeelingssaywhatyouthink不要隐瞒你的感情,说出你的想法。v躲藏egIwillhidebehindthedoor我将藏身于门后。coverv遮盖,隐蔽egsweetn糖果candy(美)糖果puddingn补丁(一种甜点心)dessertn餐后的甜点mysweet=honey,baby称呼心上人的用语AftetsevendaysofthisIwenttoapartyEverybodyaroundmewassmokingandIfeltextremelyuncomfortableextremalyuncomfortable非常不自在extremalyad极度地,极端地,非常地Heenteredtheroom,hisniseredwithcold他进入房间,鼻子冻得通红。(主干是heenteredtheroom,独立结构是hisnoseredwithcoldJohnbeingaway,HenryhadtodotheworkJohn走了,Henry不得不做这份工作。(后半句是个完整的句子,前半句是个独立的结构,John是逻辑主语,beingaway是逻辑谓语)Helayonhisback,hishandscrossedunderhishead他平躺着,头枕着双手。(句子主干是helayonhisback,他平躺着,那么怎样平躺着呢双手交叉在头下独立结构中,hishands作为逻辑主语,crossed作为逻辑谓语)someonegivingupsmoking是个独立主格结构,做of的宾语其中someone是逻辑主语,givingupsmoking是逻辑谓语。Undermyessay,theteacherwrote:"Goodwork!Keepitup!"(keepsthup=continuemakinganeffort坚持做某事,继续努力)Abigboticeonthedoorsaid,'keepout!'(keepput=donotcomein切勿入内)门上贴了个醒目的告示,切勿入内!Thecatwaskeptinduringthefireworks=Itwasmadetostayindoors放烟火时猫被关在屋子里(bekeepin关在某处)Ihadalltheusualsymptomsofsomeonegivingupsmoking:abadtempleandanenormousappetiteMyfriendskeptonofferingmecigaretteandcigarsHeneedsmoremoneytokeephiswifeandchildren他需要更多的钱去照顾妻子和孩子(keep=takecareof照顾,照料Theprisonermadeanefforttoeasape,buthecouldn`tclimbtheprisonwall这个囚犯努力想逃跑,但是他没能爬过监狱的墙。Thenoisewassoloudthatshecoveredherearswithherhands噪音太大了,以至于他用手遮住耳朵。(so…that太…以至于…extremelyhot非常地热extremelyangry极度地生气extremelyheavy格外地沉extremelysorry极度地抱歉WhenmyoldfriendBrianurgedmetoacceptacigarette,itwasmorethanIcouldbearurgesbtodosth劝说某人做某事itwasmorethanIcouldbear=Icouldnotbearitanymore我再也忍不住了。morethan万分,非常,无以名状egWeweremorethanhappytohearofyourescape!我们听到你逃了出来高兴的无以名状!more…than与其说…不如说…egHeismoremadthanstupid与其说他很笨,不如说他疯了。nomore…than与…一样,同样不(双重否定)egHe`snomorefittobeaministerthanaschoolboywouldbe一个学童固然不宜当部长,他同样不宜。guiltilyadv内疚地bedelightedthat(从句)被(某事)感到高兴returnto恢复,返回returntoLondon返回伦敦returnfromwork下班回来returnsth归还(某物)egDon`tforgettoreturnmykeys别忘了还我钥匙。returnn回程returnjourney回程thereturnofthebooks归还的书thereturnofspring春回大地oncemore=onceagain又一次,再一次Anyway,asBrianpointedout,itistheeasiestthingintheworldtogiveupsmokingas正像,正如anyway=anyhow无论如何egpointout指出,把注意力引向egHepointedherouttome他把她的注意力引向我。egpointofview观点pointedadj尖的longpointedfingernails长长的,尖尖的手指甲adj直截了当的,不客气的eggiveupdoing放弃做某事giveupfishing放弃钓鱼giveupfighting放弃斗争Hehimselfhasdoneitlotsoftimeshehimself他自己havedoneit=hasgivenupsmoking关于keep的短语Ithinkhekeptthemeetingonpurpose我想他是故意避开这个会议的。KeepthefloorIhavejustfinishedscrubbingit我刚刚擦完地板,所以请不要踩它。HehasjustbegunadiaryIwonderhowlonghewillkeepit他刚刚开始记日记,我怀疑他能坚持多久。Hekeptmakingthesamemistake他不断的犯相同的错误。WekeepTimoftheroombecauseBettyhasmeasles我们不准Tim进入房间因为Betty患麻疹了。Mostpeoplespendtheirlivestryingtokeeptheirneighours大多数人花毕生的时间和邻居们攀比。Threechildrenwerekeptafterschoolforbeingnoisyinclass放学后三个孩子被留下来因为上课的时候吵闹。ExercisesDidheacigarette他点着香烟了吗这是个一般过去时疑问句,因为前面用助动词did提问,其谓语动词要用原型才符合语法要求。Itookoneguiltily,lititandsmokedwithsatisfactionMywifewasdelightedthatthinghadreturnedtonormaloncemoreHemaynotlikemyvisit,butIshallgoandseehimanywayanyhow他可能不喜欢我的到访,但无论如何,我还是会去看他的。MayIpointoutthatifwedon`tleavenowweshallmissthebus我想指出,假如我们现在不离开的话,我们将错过公共汽车。ShelookedinapointedmannerattheclockandIunderstoodthatitwastimetoleave他不客气的看了看表,我明白该走了。Alitlight的过去式和过去分词BlightClightedlight的过去式和过去分词Dlightinglight的现在分词HehadabadtemperHewasinabadAspiritn精神,不应该说成inbadspirit,e而应该是inlowspirits(情绪低落)Bmoodn情绪(inabadmood是惯用法,表示“情绪或心情不好”,相当于inabadtemperCfeelingn感觉不能和介词搭配Ddispositionn性情,气质不能和介词搭配TheymadenoefforttohidetheiramusementTheyAdidn`ttryto毫不努力,跟madenoefforts含义相同Bdidn`taffordto买不起Ccouldn`taffordto买不起Ddidn`thaveatrial没有试验,没做审判Aattractedattractedone`sattentiontosth吸引或引起某人对某事的注意力Babsorbedbeabsorbedinsth专注,专心于Cdrawndrawone`sattentiontosth吸引或引起某人对某事的注意力Dconcentratedconcentrateonsth专注于某事Shewassoinherjobthatshedidn`thearanybodyknockingatthedoor他如此专注于工作,以至于额米有听到有人在敲门。Didhelightacigarette他点着香烟了吗这是个一般过去时疑问句,因为前面用助动词did提问,其谓语动词要用原型才符合语法要求。他看见她了。使其更生动。人,赶上某人)的时候吵闹。

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